Read the Westminster Standards in a year.
Confession of Faith
Chapter 27: Of the Sacraments

1. Sacraments are holy signs and seals of the covenant of grace,1 immediately instituted by God,2 to represent Christ, and his benefits; and to confirm our interest in him:3 as also, to put a visible difference between those that belong unto the church, and the rest of the world;4 and solemnly to engage them to the service of God in Christ, according to his Word.5

  1. Romans 4:11

    He received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised. The purpose was to make him the father of all who believe without being circumcised, so that righteousness would be counted to them as well,

    Genesis 17:7

    And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your offspring after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your offspring after you.

    Genesis 17:10

    This is my covenant, which you shall keep, between me and you and your offspring after you: Every male among you shall be circumcised. (ESV)

  2. Matthew 28:19

    Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

    1 Corinthians 11:23

    For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread, (ESV)

  3. 1 Corinthians 10:16

    The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a participation in the blood of Christ? The bread that we break, is it not a participation in the body of Christ?

    1 Corinthians 11:25-26

    In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.” For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until he comes.

    Galatians 3:17

    This is what I mean: the law, which came 430 years afterward, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to make the promise void. (ESV)

  4. Romans 15:8

    For I tell you that Christ became a servant to the circumcised to show God's truthfulness, in order to confirm the promises given to the patriarchs,

    Exodus 12:48

    If a stranger shall sojourn with you and would keep the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised. Then he may come near and keep it; he shall be as a native of the land. But no uncircumcised person shall eat of it.

    Genesis 34:14

    They said to them, “We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one who is uncircumcised, for that would be a disgrace to us. (ESV)

  5. Romans 6:3-4

    Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life.

    1 Corinthians 10:16

    The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a participation in the blood of Christ? The bread that we break, is it not a participation in the body of Christ?

    1 Corinthians 10:21

    You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons. You cannot partake of the table of the Lord and the table of demons. (ESV)


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Based on Calendar of Readings in the Westminster Standards by Dr. Joey Pipa. Scripture taken from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.