Read the Westminster Standards in a year.
Confession of Faith
Chapter 25: Of the Church

2. The visible church, which is also catholic or universal under the gospel (not confined to one nation, as before under the law), consists of all those throughout the world that profess the true religion;1 and of their children:2 and is the kingdom of the Lord Jesus Christ,3 the house and family of God,4 out of which there is no ordinary possibility of salvation.5

  1. 1 Corinthians 1:2

    To the church of God that is in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints together with all those who in every place call upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, both their Lord and ours:

    1 Corinthians 12:12-13

    For just as the body is one and has many members, and all the members of the body, though many, are one body, so it is with Christ. For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and all were made to drink of one Spirit.

    Psalm 2:8

    Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage,
    and the ends of the earth your possession.

    Revelation 7:9

    After this I looked, and behold, a great multitude that no one could number, from every nation, from all tribes and peoples and languages, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, with palm branches in their hands,

    Romans 15:9-12

    and in order that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy. As it is written,

    “Therefore I will praise you among the Gentiles,
    and sing to your name.”

    And again it is said,

    “Rejoice, O Gentiles, with his people.”

    And again,

    “Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles,
    and let all the peoples extol him.”

    And again Isaiah says,

    “The root of Jesse will come,
    even he who arises to rule the Gentiles;
    in him will the Gentiles hope.” (ESV)

  2. 1 Corinthians 7:14

    For the unbelieving husband is made holy because of his wife, and the unbelieving wife is made holy because of her husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but as it is, they are holy.

    Acts 2:39

    For the promise is for you and for your children and for all who are far off, everyone whom the Lord our God calls to himself.”

    Ezekiel 16:20-21

    And you took your sons and your daughters, whom you had borne to me, and these you sacrificed to them to be devoured. Were your whorings so small a matter that you slaughtered my children and delivered them up as an offering by fire to them?

    Romans 11:16

    If the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

    Genesis 3:15

    I will put enmity between you and the woman,
    and between your offspring and her offspring;
    he shall bruise your head,
    and you shall bruise his heel.”

    Genesis 17:7

    And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your offspring after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your offspring after you. (ESV)

  3. Matthew 13:47

    “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was thrown into the sea and gathered fish of every kind.

    Isaiah 9:7

    Of the increase of his government and of peace
    there will be no end,
    on the throne of David and over his kingdom,
    to establish it and to uphold it
    with justice and with righteousness
    from this time forth and forevermore.
    The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this. (ESV)

  4. Ephesians 2:19

    So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God,

    Ephesians 3:15

    from whom every family in heaven and on earth is named, (ESV)

  5. Acts 2:47

    praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to their number day by day those who were being saved. (ESV)

Larger Catechism

𝒬 62. What is the visible church?

𝒜. The visible church is a society made up of all such as in all ages and places of the world do profess the true religion,1 and of their children.2

  1. 1 Corinthians 1:2

    To the church of God that is in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints together with all those who in every place call upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, both their Lord and ours:

    1 Corinthians 12:13

    For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and all were made to drink of one Spirit.

    Romans 15:9-12

    and in order that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy. As it is written,

    “Therefore I will praise you among the Gentiles,
    and sing to your name.”

    And again it is said,

    “Rejoice, O Gentiles, with his people.”

    And again,

    “Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles,
    and let all the peoples extol him.”

    And again Isaiah says,

    “The root of Jesse will come,
    even he who arises to rule the Gentiles;
    in him will the Gentiles hope.”

    Revelation 7:9

    After this I looked, and behold, a great multitude that no one could number, from every nation, from all tribes and peoples and languages, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, with palm branches in their hands,

    Psalm 2:8

    Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage,
    and the ends of the earth your possession.

    Psalm 22:27-31

    All the ends of the earth shall remember
    and turn to the Lord,
    and all the families of the nations
    shall worship before you.
    For kingship belongs to the Lord,
    and he rules over the nations.

    All the prosperous of the earth eat and worship;
    before him shall bow all who go down to the dust,
    even the one who could not keep himself alive.
    Posterity shall serve him;
    it shall be told of the Lord to the coming generation;
    they shall come and proclaim his righteousness to a people yet unborn,
    that he has done it.

    Psalm 45:17

    I will cause your name to be remembered in all generations;
    therefore nations will praise you forever and ever.

    Matthew 28:19-20

    Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”

    Isaiah 59:21

    “And as for me, this is my covenant with them,” says the Lord: “My Spirit that is upon you, and my words that I have put in your mouth, shall not depart out of your mouth, or out of the mouth of your offspring, or out of the mouth of your children's offspring,” says the Lord, “from this time forth and forevermore.” (ESV)

  2. 1 Corinthians 7:14

    For the unbelieving husband is made holy because of his wife, and the unbelieving wife is made holy because of her husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but as it is, they are holy.

    Acts 2:39

    For the promise is for you and for your children and for all who are far off, everyone whom the Lord our God calls to himself.”

    Romans 11:16

    If the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

    Genesis 17:7

    And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your offspring after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your offspring after you. (ESV)


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Based on Calendar of Readings in the Westminster Standards by Dr. Joey Pipa. Scripture taken from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.