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Shorter Catechism

𝒬 80. What is required in the tenth commandment?

𝒜. The tenth commandment requireth full contentment with our own condition,1 with a right and charitable frame of spirit toward our neighbor, and all that is his.2

  1. Psalm 34:1

    34:1 I will bless the Lord at all times;
    his praise shall continually be in my mouth.

    Philippians 4:11

    Not that I am speaking of being in need, for I have learned in whatever situation I am to be content.

    1 Timothy 6:6

    Now there is great gain in godliness with contentment,

    Hebrews 13:5

    Keep your life free from love of money, and be content with what you have, for he has said, “I will never leave you nor forsake you.” (ESV)

  2. Luke 15:6

    And when he comes home, he calls together his friends and his neighbors, saying to them, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep that was lost.’

    Luke 15:9

    And when she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found the coin that I had lost.’

    Luke 15:11-32

    And he said, “There was a man who had two sons. And the younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the share of property that is coming to me.’ And he divided his property between them. Not many days later, the younger son gathered all he had and took a journey into a far country, and there he squandered his property in reckless living. And when he had spent everything, a severe famine arose in that country, and he began to be in need. So he went and hired himself out to one of the citizens of that country, who sent him into his fields to feed pigs. And he was longing to be fed with the pods that the pigs ate, and no one gave him anything.

    “But when he came to himself, he said, ‘How many of my father's hired servants have more than enough bread, but I perish here with hunger! I will arise and go to my father, and I will say to him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son. Treat me as one of your hired servants.”’ And he arose and came to his father. But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and felt compassion, and ran and embraced him and kissed him. And the son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’ But the father said to his servants, ‘Bring quickly the best robe, and put it on him, and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet. And bring the fattened calf and kill it, and let us eat and celebrate. For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found.’ And they began to celebrate.

    “Now his older son was in the field, and as he came and drew near to the house, he heard music and dancing. And he called one of the servants and asked what these things meant. And he said to him, ‘Your brother has come, and your father has killed the fattened calf, because he has received him back safe and sound.’ But he was angry and refused to go in. His father came out and entreated him, but he answered his father, ‘Look, these many years I have served you, and I never disobeyed your command, yet you never gave me a young goat, that I might celebrate with my friends. But when this son of yours came, who has devoured your property with prostitutes, you killed the fattened calf for him!’ And he said to him, ‘Son, you are always with me, and all that is mine is yours. It was fitting to celebrate and be glad, for this your brother was dead, and is alive; he was lost, and is found.’”

    Romans 12:15

    Rejoice with those who rejoice, weep with those who weep.

    Philippians 2:4

    Let each of you look not only to his own interests, but also to the interests of others. (ESV)

Larger Catechism

𝒬 147. What are the duties required in the tenth commandment?

𝒜. The duties required in the tenth commandment are, such a full contentment with our own condition,1 and such a charitable frame of the whole soul toward our neighbor, as that all our inward motions and affections touching him, tend unto, and further all that good which is his.2

  1. Hebrews 13:5

    Keep your life free from love of money, and be content with what you have, for he has said, “I will never leave you nor forsake you.”

    1 Timothy 6:6

    Now there is great gain in godliness with contentment,

    Philippians 4:11

    Not that I am speaking of being in need, for I have learned in whatever situation I am to be content. (ESV)

  2. Job 31:29

    “If I have rejoiced at the ruin of him who hated me,
    or exulted when evil overtook him

    Romans 12:15

    Rejoice with those who rejoice, weep with those who weep.

    Psalm 122:7-9

    Peace be within your walls
    and security within your towers!”
    For my brothers and companions' sake
    I will say, “Peace be within you!”
    For the sake of the house of the Lord our God,
    I will seek your good.

    1 Timothy 1:5

    The aim of our charge is love that issues from a pure heart and a good conscience and a sincere faith.

    Esther 10:3

    For Mordecai the Jew was second in rank to King Ahasuerus, and he was great among the Jews and popular with the multitude of his brothers, for he sought the welfare of his people and spoke peace to all his people.

    1 Corinthians 13:4-7

    Love is patient and kind; love does not envy or boast; it is not arrogant or rude. It does not insist on its own way; it is not irritable or resentful; it does not rejoice at wrongdoing, but rejoices with the truth. Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. (ESV)


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Based on Calendar of Readings in the Westminster Standards by Dr. Joey Pipa. Scripture taken from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.