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Shorter Catechism

𝒬 26. How doth Christ execute the office of a king?

𝒜. Christ executeth the office of a king, in subduing us to himself, in ruling and defending us,1 and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies.2

  1. Psalm 110:3

    Your people will offer themselves freely
    on the day of your power,
    in holy garments;
    from the womb of the morning,
    the dew of your youth will be yours.

    Matthew 28:18-20

    And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”

    John 17:2

    since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him.

    Colossians 1:13

    He has delivered us from the domain of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of his beloved Son, (ESV)

  2. Psalm 2:6-9

    “As for me, I have set my King
    on Zion, my holy hill.”

    I will tell of the decree:
    The Lord said to me, “You are my Son;
    today I have begotten you.
    Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage,
    and the ends of the earth your possession.
    You shall break them with a rod of iron
    and dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.”

    Psalm 110:1-2

    110:1 The Lord says to my Lord:
    “Sit at my right hand,
    until I make your enemies your footstool.”

    The Lord sends forth from Zion
    your mighty scepter.
    Rule in the midst of your enemies!

    Matthew 12:28

    But if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.

    1 Corinthians 15:24-26

    Then comes the end, when he delivers the kingdom to God the Father after destroying every rule and every authority and power. For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. The last enemy to be destroyed is death.

    Colossians 2:15

    He disarmed the rulers and authorities and put them to open shame, by triumphing over them in him. (ESV)

Larger Catechism

𝒬 45. How doth Christ execute the office of a king?

𝒜. Christ executeth the office of a king, in calling out of the world a people to himself,1 and giving them officers,2 laws,3 and censures, by which he visibly governs them;4 in bestowing saving grace upon his elect,5 rewarding their obedience,6 and correcting them for their sins,7 preserving and supporting them under all their temptations and sufferings,8 restraining and overcoming all their enemies,9 and powerfully ordering all things for his own glory,10 and their good;11 and also in taking vengeance on the rest, who know not God, and obey not the gospel.12

  1. Acts 15:14-16

    Simeon has related how God first visited the Gentiles, to take from them a people for his name. And with this the words of the prophets agree, just as it is written,

    “‘After this I will return,
    and I will rebuild the tent of David that has fallen;
    I will rebuild its ruins,
    and I will restore it,

    Genesis 49:10

    The scepter shall not depart from Judah,
    nor the ruler's staff from between his feet,
    until tribute comes to him;
    and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.

    Psalm 110:3

    Your people will offer themselves freely
    on the day of your power,
    in holy garments;
    from the womb of the morning,
    the dew of your youth will be yours.

    John 17:2

    since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him. (ESV)

  2. Ephesians 4:11-12

    And he gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the shepherds and teachers, to equip the saints for the work of ministry, for building up the body of Christ,

    1 Corinthians 12:28

    And God has appointed in the church first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing, helping, administrating, and various kinds of tongues. (ESV)

  3. Isaiah 33:22

    For the Lord is our judge; the Lord is our lawgiver;
    the Lord is our king; he will save us. (ESV)

  4. Matthew 18:17-18

    If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. And if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector. Truly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

    1 Corinthians 5:4-5

    When you are assembled in the name of the Lord Jesus and my spirit is present, with the power of our Lord Jesus, you are to deliver this man to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, so that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord. (ESV)

  5. Acts 5:31

    God exalted him at his right hand as Leader and Savior, to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins. (ESV)

  6. Revelation 22:12

    “Behold, I am coming soon, bringing my recompense with me, to repay everyone for what he has done.

    Revelation 2:10

    Do not fear what you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested, and for ten days you will have tribulation. Be faithful unto death, and I will give you the crown of life. (ESV)

  7. Revelation 3:19

    Those whom I love, I reprove and discipline, so be zealous and repent. (ESV)

  8. Isaiah 63:9

    In all their affliction he was afflicted,
    and the angel of his presence saved them;
    in his love and in his pity he redeemed them;
    he lifted them up and carried them all the days of old. (ESV)

  9. 1 Corinthians 15:25

    For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet.

    Psalm 110:1-2

    110:1 The Lord says to my Lord:
    “Sit at my right hand,
    until I make your enemies your footstool.”

    The Lord sends forth from Zion
    your mighty scepter.
    Rule in the midst of your enemies! (ESV)

  10. Romans 14:10-11

    Why do you pass judgment on your brother? Or you, why do you despise your brother? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of God; for it is written,

    “As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me,
    and every tongue shall confess to God.” (ESV)

  11. Romans 8:28

    And we know that for those who love God all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose. (ESV)

  12. 2 Thessalonians 1:8-9

    in flaming fire, inflicting vengeance on those who do not know God and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. They will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might,

    Psalm 2:8-9

    Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage,
    and the ends of the earth your possession.
    You shall break them with a rod of iron
    and dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.” (ESV)


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Based on Calendar of Readings in the Westminster Standards by Dr. Joey Pipa. Scripture taken from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.