Read the Westminster Standards in a year.
Confession of Faith
Chapter 5: Of Providence

6. As for those wicked and ungodly men whom God, as a righteous Judge, for former sins, doth blind and harden,1 from them he not only withholdeth his grace whereby they might have been enlightened in their understandings, and wrought upon in their hearts;2 but sometimes also withdraweth the gifts which they had,3 and exposeth them to such objects as their corruption makes occasions of sin;4 and, withal, gives them over to their own lusts, the temptations of the world, and the power of Satan,5 whereby it comes to pass that they harden themselves, even under those means which God useth for the softening of others.6

  1. Romans 1:24

    Therefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, to the dishonoring of their bodies among themselves,

    Romans 1:26

    For this reason God gave them up to dishonorable passions. For their women exchanged natural relations for those that are contrary to nature;

    Romans 1:28

    And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, God gave them up to a debased mind to do what ought not to be done.

    Romans 11:7-8

    What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened, as it is written,

    “God gave them a spirit of stupor,
    eyes that would not see
    and ears that would not hear,
    down to this very day.” (ESV)

  2. Deuteronomy 29:4

    But to this day the Lord has not given you a heart to understand or eyes to see or ears to hear. (ESV)

  3. Matthew 13:12

    For to the one who has, more will be given, and he will have an abundance, but from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away.

    Matthew 25:29

    For to everyone who has will more be given, and he will have an abundance. But from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away. (ESV)

  4. Deuteronomy 2:30

    But Sihon the king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him, for the Lord your God hardened his spirit and made his heart obstinate, that he might give him into your hand, as he is this day.

    2 Kings 8:12-13

    And Hazael said, “Why does my lord weep?” He answered, “Because I know the evil that you will do to the people of Israel. You will set on fire their fortresses, and you will kill their young men with the sword and dash in pieces their little ones and rip open their pregnant women.” And Hazael said, “What is your servant, who is but a dog, that he should do this great thing?” Elisha answered, “The Lord has shown me that you are to be king over Syria.” (ESV)

  5. Psalm 81:11-12

    “But my people did not listen to my voice;
    Israel would not submit to me.
    So I gave them over to their stubborn hearts,
    to follow their own counsels.

    2 Thessalonians 2:10-12

    and with all wicked deception for those who are perishing, because they refused to love the truth and so be saved. Therefore God sends them a strong delusion, so that they may believe what is false, in order that all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness. (ESV)

  6. Exodus 7:3

    But I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and though I multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt,

    Exodus 8:15

    But when Pharaoh saw that there was a respite, he hardened his heart and would not listen to them, as the Lord had said.

    Exodus 8:32

    But Pharaoh hardened his heart this time also, and did not let the people go.

    2 Corinthians 2:15-16

    For we are the aroma of Christ to God among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing, to one a fragrance from death to death, to the other a fragrance from life to life. Who is sufficient for these things?

    Isaiah 8:14

    And he will become a sanctuary and a stone of offense and a rock of stumbling to both houses of Israel, a trap and a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

    1 Peter 2:7-8

    So the honor is for you who believe, but for those who do not believe,

    “The stone that the builders rejected
    has become the cornerstone,”

    and

    “A stone of stumbling,
    and a rock of offense.”

    They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do.

    Isaiah 6:9-10

    And he said, “Go, and say to this people:

    “‘Keep on hearing, but do not understand;
    keep on seeing, but do not perceive.’
    Make the heart of this people dull,
    and their ears heavy,
    and blind their eyes;
    lest they see with their eyes,
    and hear with their ears,
    and understand with their hearts,
    and turn and be healed.”

    Acts 28:26-27

    “‘Go to this people, and say,
    You will indeed hear but never understand,
    and you will indeed see but never perceive.
    For this people's heart has grown dull,
    and with their ears they can barely hear,
    and their eyes they have closed;
    lest they should see with their eyes
    and hear with their ears
    and understand with their heart
    and turn, and I would heal them.’ (ESV)


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Based on Calendar of Readings in the Westminster Standards by Dr. Joey Pipa. Scripture taken from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.